Chronic illnesses have become the latest threats to good health and life. Statistics have shown that the diseases account for most deaths across the globe; way more than any other cause of death. The illnesses are caused by factors such as family genetics, gender, and age among other causes. Chronic illnesses are common among the elderly with very few young people suffering from the conditions. Treatment of these conditions becomes hard to accomplish with time. As such, it is better to treat and permanently remove the conditions in their early stages. The most common chronic illnesses that affect people include:
Alzheimer’s disease & dementia
Alzheimer’s disease is the most prevalent chronic illness among most elderly adults. The condition causes loss of memory, difficulties in thinking, and problem-solving inability. The worst thing about the condition is that it interferes with the normal functioning of the brain and body.
As such, the patient becomes dependent on other people even for basic chores like using the washroom. The risk factors of the condition are beyond control as they include genetics, family history, and age. However, activities such as exercises and sufficient sleep tend to reduce the risks of suffering from the condition.
Unknown to most people, depression is a chronic illness that has far-reaching implications on the brain. It is worth noting that depression is not a stage of aging, but rather it is a treatable mental condition. Depression leads to persistent sadness, hopelessness, difficulty in making decisions, pessimism, loss of interest and changes in appetite. The best way to prevent depression is by managing stress levels, routine exercise, eating a healthy diet, and psychotherapy for people suffering from extreme stress.
Chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease is one of the few chronic illnesses that can affect virtually anyone; the young and the old alike. People suffering from CKD are usually at great risk of developing kidney failure, heart conditions, and liver problems. However, it is relatively easy and possible to prevent kidney through ways such as understanding the disease’s risk factors like hypertension and diabetes and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Early detection of the condition makes it easily treatable and increases the chances of complete healing and recovery.
Over 60% of older adults suffer from hypertension at one point in their old age. The danger of the condition is that it can remain in the body unnoticed for years or even decades. This leads to the condition triggering other severe illnesses like heart attack and stroke. However, unlike other chronic illnesses, it is probably the easiest condition to prevent and manage. Preventive measures for hypertension include regulating stress levels, limiting alcohol and salt consumption, maintaining a lean body, regular exercises and eating the right diet. Reducing your intake of trans and saturated fats also goes a long way in preventing the condition.
Even though it is possible to prevent and manage chronic illnesses, it is advisable that you go for regular medical check-ups. These check-ups make it easy to detect the conditions in their early stages of development. Consequently, it becomes easy to treat and remove the conditions when detected early.